L’Italia tra i peggiori Paesi al Mondo per la Corruzione anche nell’Export – Bribe Payers Index (BPI) 2006

L’Italia tra i peggiori Paesi al Mondo per la Corruzione anche nell’Export – Bribe Payers Index (BPI) 2006 Transparency International Italia (al 20° posto su 30 Paesi, con 5.94 di score) fanalino di coda tra i Paesi europei come uno dei maggiori paesi che ricorre alle bustralle per corrompere.

2006 Bribe Payers Index

BPI

Transparency International

The most comprehensive survey of its kind to date

http://www.transparency.org/news_room/in_focus/bpi_2006#pr

CPI

ITALIA_ CPI_2006_CORRUZIONE DEI PAESI ESPORTATORI

ITALIA_ CPI_2006_CORRUZIONE DEI PAESI ESPORTATORI_2

 

2006 BPI Bribe Payers Index on a scale of 1 (bribes are common) to 7.81 (bribes never occur). 2005 CPI  the Corruption Perceptions Index  is on a scale of 1 (bribes  are common ) to 10 (bribes never occur ).

 

1.1. Methodology

 

The BPI is a ranking of 30 of the leading exporting countries according to the propensity of firms with headquarters within their borders to bribe when operating abroad. It is based on the responses of 11,232 business executives from companies in 125 countries to two questions about the business practices of foreign firms operating in their country, as part of the World Economic Forum’s Executive Opinion Survey 2006. To assess the international supply-side of bribery, executives are asked about the propensity of foreign firms that do the most business in their country to pay bribes or to make undocumented extra payments. The survey is anonymous. The questions on which the BPI is based first ask respondents to identify the country of origin of foreignowned companies doing the most business in their country. Respondents are then asked:

 

In your experience, to what extent do firms from the countries you have selected make undocumented extra payments or bribes?

 

Respondents are asked to answer on a scale of 1 (bribes are common) to 7 (bribes never occur). In calculating the BPI, the answers are converted to a score between 0 and 10, and the ranking reflects the average score.

 

BPI 2006: Leading exporters undermine development with dirty business overseas – Foreign bribery by emerging export powers “disconcertingly high” . Overseas bribery by companies from the world’s export giants is still common, despite the existence of international anti-bribery laws criminalising this practice, according to the Transparency International 2006 Bribe Payers Index (BPI), the most comprehensive survey of its kind to date.

 

This document presents the main findings and some further analysis carried out by Transparency International  on the results of the Bribe Payers Index (BPI) 2006. It provides insight into the rankings given in the index itself and highlights other areas of interest. Section 1 presents the main findings followed by relevant statistical data and considerations taken into account when calculating the index. Section 1 also presents analysis of the type of company for which respondents work and how this relates to their experience of bribery. Section 2 examines the scores given by respondents from particular sub-groups of countries. Finally, section 3 examines the relationship between the results of the BPI 2006 and the CPI 2005. This analysis is intended to complement the information provided in the document Q&A BPI 2006.

 

The 30 economies ranked in the BPI are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.

 

These countries are among the leading international or regional exporting countries, whose combined global exports represented 82 percent of the world total in 2005. While most of the countries in the survey are OECD members, membership was not a selection criterion. Thus, OECD countries such as Denmark and Norway are not part of the list, while non-OECD countries like India, Israel, Singapore and South Africa, for instance, are included. Details on the survey respondents are included in table 2, Annex 1 of this document.

 

The BPI 2006 Results Bribe Payers Index / Transparency International / L’indice di corruzione dei Paesi esportatori – Release date: 4 October 2006 Policy and Research Department Transparency International – International Secretariat Alt Moabit 96 10559 Berlin, Germany Tel: + 49-30-3438200 Fax: +49-30-34703912 :

Italia (al 20° posto su 30 Paesi, con 5.94 di score) fanalino di coda tra i Paesi europei come uno dei maggiori paesi che ricorre alle bustralle per corrompere, ovvero per l’alto livello di disponibilità delle proprie imprese a prestarsi ad atti di corruzione all’estero posizione pessima gia’ anticipata dagli indici piu’ generali sulla corruzione del GCB-Global Corruption Barometer  e del CPI-Corruption Perceptions Index . È quanto emerge dal Bribe Payers Index (BPI) 2006 rilasciato dall’Organizzazione ” Transparency International ” pochi giorni fa’, per valutare la propensione delle aziende dei trenta principali Paesi esportatori del pianeta a versare mazzette al di fuori dei confini nazionali.

 

Table 1, above, shows the results of the BPI 2006, with additional statistical information to indicate the degree of agreement among respondents in one particular country: the smaller the standard deviation, the broader the consensus. The scores are close together, despite the countries’ differing rankings. Higher scores reveal a lower propensity of companies from a country to offer bribes or undocumented extra payments when doing business abroad.

 

Cluster analysis on the BPI 2006 Cluster analysis of the BPI results groups countries that exhibit similar behaviour in terms of their companies’ propensity to bribe abroad. As the differences in scores between adjacent countries on the ranking are small, this analysis provides further material with which to interpret and understand the results. This analysis produces four clusters (or groups) of countries. Cluster 1 comprises the countries from which companies are least likely to bribe when doing business abroad, and cluster 4 comprises those that are most likely to bribe, according to the BPI 2006:

 

  1. Cluster 1: Switzerland, Sweden, Australia, Austria, Canada, UK, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, US, Japan

  • Cluster 2: Singapore, Spain, United Arab Emirates, France, Portugal, Mexico

  • Cluster 3: Hong Kong, Israel, Italy, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, South Africa, Malaysia

  • Cluster 4: Taiwan, Turkey, Russia, China, India.

     

    It is important to note that although cluster 1 represents the best performers of the 30 countries, the results of the BPI highlight that companies from all countries in the survey show a considerable propensity to pay bribes. Countries in the top clusters should therefore not view this as an endorsement of their companies’ behaviour. Once there are several comparable iterations of the BPI, these clusters will allow changes in the countries’ ratings to be tracked across time.

  •  

     

    Marco Montanari

     

     

    2005 Corruption Perceptions Index CPI

    Italy 40°

     

    http://ww1.transparency.org/

     

    TI 2005 Corruption Perceptions Index
    Country rank Country 2005 CPI score* Confidence range** Surveys used***
    1 Iceland 9.7 9.5 – 9.7 8
    2 Finland 9.6 9.5 – 9.7 9
    New Zealand 9.6 9.5 – 9.7 9
    4 Denmark 9.5 9.3 – 9.6 10
    5 Singapore 9.4 9.3 – 9.5 12
    6 Sweden 9.2 9.0 – 9.3 10
    7 Switzerland 9.1 8.9 – 9.2 9
    8 Norway 8.9 8.5 – 9.1 9
    9 Australia 8.8 8.4 – 9.1 13
    10 Austria 8.7 8.4 – 9.0 9
    11 Netherlands 8.6 8.3 – 8.9 9
    United Kingdom 8.6 8.3 – 8.8 11
    13 Luxembourg 8.5 8.1 – 8.9 8
    14 Canada 8.4 7.9 – 8.8 11
    15 Hong Kong 8.3 7.7 – 8.7 12
    16 Germany 8.2 7.9 – 8.5 10
    17 USA 7.6 7.0 – 8.0 12
    18 France 7.5 7.0 – 7.8 11
    19 Belgium 7.4 6.9 – 7.9 9
    Ireland 7.4 6.9 – 7.9 10
    21 Chile 7.3 6.8 – 7.7 10
    Japan 7.3 6.7 – 7.8 14
    23 Spain 7.0 6.6 – 7.4 10
    24 Barbados 6.9 5.7 – 7.3 3
    25 Malta 6.6 5.4 – 7.7 5
    26 Portugal 6.5 5.9 – 7.1 9
    27 Estonia 6.4 6.0 – 7.0 11
    28 Israel 6.3 5.7 – 6.9 10
    Oman 6.3 5.2 – 7.3 5
    30 United Arab Emirates 6.2 5.3 – 7.1 6
    31 Slovenia 6.1 5.7 – 6.8 11
    32 Botswana 5.9 5.1 – 6.7 8
    Qatar 5.9 5.6 – 6.4 5
    Taiwan 5.9 5.4 – 6.3 14
    Uruguay 5.9 5.6 – 6.4 6
    36 Bahrain 5.8 5.3 – 6.3 6
    37 Cyprus 5.7 5.3 – 6.0 5
    Jordan 5.7 5.1 – 6.1 10
    39 Malaysia 5.1 4.6 – 5.6 14
    40 Hungary 5.0 4.7 – 5.2 11
    Italy 5.0 4.6 – 5.4 9
    South Korea 5.0 4.6 – 5.3 12
    43 Tunisia 4.9 4.4 – 5.6 7
    44 Lithuania 4.8 4.5 – 5.1 8
    45 Kuwait 4.7 4.0 – 5.2 6
    46 South Africa 4.5 4.2 – 4.8 11
    47 Czech Republic 4.3 3.7 – 5.1 10
    Greece 4.3 3.9 – 4.7 9
    Namibia 4.3 3.8 – 4.9 8
    Slovakia 4.3 3.8 – 4.8 10
    51 Costa Rica 4.2 3.7 – 4.7 7
    El Salvador 4.2 3.5 – 4.8 6
    Latvia 4.2 3.8 – 4.6 7
    Mauritius 4.2 3.4 – 5.0 6
    55 Bulgaria 4.0 3.4 – 4.6 8
    Colombia 4.0 3.6 – 4.4 9
    Fiji 4.0 3.4 – 4.6 3
    Seychelles 4.0 3.5 – 4.2 3
    59 Cuba 3.8 2.3 – 4.7 4
    Thailand 3,8 3.5 – 4.1 13
    Trinidad and Tobago 3,8 3.3 – 4.5 6
    62 Belize 3.7 3.4 – 4.1 3
    Brazil 3,7 3.5 – 3.9 10
    64 Jamaica 3.6 3.4 – 3.8 6
    65 Ghana 3.5 3.2 – 4.0 8
    Mexico 3.5 3.3 – 3.7 10
    Panama 3.5 3.1 – 4.1 7
    Peru 3.5 3.1 – 3.8 7
    Turkey 3.5 3.1 – 4.0 11
    70 Burkina Faso 3.4 2.7 – 3.9 3
    Croatia 3.4 3.2 – 3.7 7
    Egypt 3.4 3.0 – 3.9 9
    Lesotho 3.4 2.6 – 3.9 3
    Poland 3.4 3.0 – 3.9 11
    Saudi Arabia 3.4 2.7 – 4.1 5
    Syria 3.4 2.8 – 4.2 5
    77 Laos 3.3 2.1 – 4.4 3
    78 China 3.2 2.9 – 3.5 14
    Morocco 3.2 2.8 – 3.6 8
    Senegal 3.2 2.8 – 3.6 6
    Sri Lanka 3.2 2.7 – 3.6 7
    Suriname 3.2 2.2 – 3.6 3
    83 Lebanon 3.1 2.7 – 3.3 4
    Rwanda 3.1 2.1 – 4.1 3
    85 Dominican Republic 3.0 2.5 – 3.6 6
    Mongolia 3.0 2.4 – 3.6 4
    Romania 3.0 2.6 – 3.5 11
    88 Armenia 2.9 2.5 – 3.2 4
    Benin 2.9 2.1 – 4.0 5
    Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.9 2.7 – 3.1 6
    Gabon 2.9 2.1 – 3.6 4
    India 2.9 2.7 – 3.1 14
    Iran 2.9 2.3 – 3.3 5
    Mali 2.9 2.3 – 3.6 8
    Moldova 2.9 2.3 – 3.7 5
    Tanzania 2.9 2.6 – 3.1 8
    97 Algeria 2.8 2.5 – 3.3 7
    Argentina 2.8 2.5 – 3.1 10
    Madagascar 2.8 1.9 – 3.7 5
    Malawi 2.8 2.3 – 3.4 7
    Mozambique 2.8 2.4 – 3.1 8
    Serbia and Montenegro 2.8 2.5 – 3.3 7
    103 Gambia 2.7 2.3 – 3.1 7
    Macedonia 2.7 2.4 – 3.2 7
    Swaziland 2.7 2.0 – 3.1 3
    Yemen 2.7 2.4 – 3.2 5
    107 Belarus 2.6 1.9 – 3.8 5
    Eritrea 2.6 1.7 – 3.5 3
    Honduras 2.6 2.2 – 3.0 7
    Kazakhstan 2.6 2.2 – 3.2 6
    Nicaragua 2.6 2.4 – 2.8 7
    Palestine 2.6 2.1 – 2.8 3
    Ukraine 2.6 2.4 – 2.8 8
    Vietnam 2.6 2.3 – 2.9 10
    Zambia 2.6 2.3 – 2.9 7
    Zimbabwe 2.6 2.1 – 3.0 7
    117 Afghanistan 2.5 1.6 – 3.2 3
    Bolivia 2.5 2.3 – 2.9 6
    Ecuador 2.5 2.2 – 2.9 6
    Guatemala 2.5 2.1 – 2.8 7
    Guyana 2.5 2.0 – 2.7 3
    Libya 2.5 2.0 – 3.0 4
    Nepal 2.5 1.9 – 3.0 4
    Philippines 2.5 2.3 – 2.8 13
    Uganda 2.5 2.2 – 2.8 8
    126 Albania 2.4 2.1 – 2.7 3
    Niger 2.4 2.2 – 2.6 4
    Russia 2.4 2.3 – 2.6 12
    Sierra Leone 2.4 2.1 – 2.7 3
    130 Burundi 2.3 2.1 – 2.5 3
    Cambodia 2.3 1.9 – 2.5 4
    Congo, Republic of 2.3 2.1 – 2.6 4
    Georgia 2.3 2.0 – 2.6 6
    Kyrgyzstan 2.3 2.1 – 2.5 5
    Papua New Guinea 2.3 1.9 – 2.6 4
    Venezuela 2.3 2.2 -2.4 10
    137 Azerbaijan 2.2 1.9 – 2.5 6
    Cameroon 2.2 2.0 – 2.5 6
    Ethiopia 2.2 2.0 – 2.5 8
    Indonesia 2.2 2.1 – 2.5 13
    Iraq 2.2 1.5 – 2.9 4
    Liberia 2.2 2.1 – 2.3 3
    Uzbekistan 2.2 2.1 – 2.4 5
    144 Congo, Democratic Republic 2.1 1.8 – 2.3 4
    Kenya 2.1 1.8 – 2.4 8
    Pakistan 2.1 1.7 – 2.6 7
    Paraguay 2.1 1.9 – 2.3 7
    Somalia 2.1 1.6 – 2.2 3
    Sudan 2.1 1.9 – 2.2 5
    Tajikistan 2.1 1.9 – 2.4 5
    151 Angola 2.0 1.8 – 2.1 5
    152 Cote d’Ivoire 1.9 1.7 – 2.1 4
    Equatorial Guinea 1.9 1.6 – 2.1 3
    Nigeria 1.9 1.7 – 2.0 9
    155 Haiti 1.8 1.5 – 2.1 4
    Myanmar 1.8 1.7 – 2.0 4
    Turkmenistan 1.8 1.7 – 2.0 4
    158 Bangladesh 1.7 1.4 – 2.0 7
    Chad 1.7 1.3 – 2.1 6

     

     

     

    Global Corruption Barometer 2005

    GCB

    Transparency International

    http://ww1.transparency.org/

     

    Italy 16° l’ultima in europa

    ITALIA_ GCB_1_CORRUZIONE DEI PAESI ESPORTATORI

    ITALIA_ GCB_2_CORRUZIONE DEI PAESI ESPORTATORI

    Annunci

    I commenti sono chiusi.

    %d blogger hanno fatto clic su Mi Piace per questo: